Stone Glyph

Chichen Itza "Mouth of the Itza" An ancient city resplendent in Toltec-Maya architecture.

El Castillo (the Castle) Pyramid Chichen Itza Mexico Temple of the Warriors Chichen Itza Mexico The Observatory Chichen Itza The Ballcourt Chichen Itza
 


Small Stone Glyph A Journey Back In Time

Chichen Itza is among the most important Mayan archeological sites in the Yucatan. It was the mecca of Mesoamerica for peoples of two continents. It is an easy morning's drive, about two hours inland on good roads from your vacation home in Soliman Bay. Nine hundred years ago this cultural center of the Toltec-Maya civilization was at its peak. To walk among the expansive ruins of Chichen Itza is to step back in time. Mexico Map of Mayan Ruins Rovine Messico the Yucatan peninsula

El Castillo (the Castle) Pyramid Chichen Itza Mexico the Yucatan Mayan Rovine Messico The Pyramid or El Castillo at Chichen Itza is one of the most spectacular of Mayan ruins. It is a masterpiece of Toltec-Maya architecture. The Pyramid stands in the center of the ruins at Chichen Itza surrounded by several other architectural marvels including the Temple of the Warriors, the Ball court and the Platform of Venus.

One of the most exciting times to see El Castillo (the castle) is during the autumnal and vernal, (fall and spring) equinoxes. Researchers have recognized that the Kulkulkan's pyramid was closely related to the equinoxes. The architectural engineering is so exact that with the arrival of either equinox, seven triangles of sunlight are projected down the north face staircase towards two serpent heads carved of stone on either side of the stairway's base. Click on the photo to discover the mystery of the serpents and what they may have symbolized.

Ball Court of Chichen Itza Mexico The Ball court of Chichen Itza is the largest in all Mesoamerica. The detailed carvings of the ball players along the walls are simply breathtaking. "Consider" which captain lost his head at the end of the game, the winner or, the loser? Or, was the image symbolic to the Mayans. Possibly a dying-to-self and rising to a higher plain in victory. The mystery and debate over these tribal rituals and their significance to the economic and spiritual culture of the Mayan continues.


Temple of the Warriors Chichen Itza MexicoOccupying the northeastern section of the central plaza in Chichen Itza is the Temple of the Warriors. It is the major structure in a series of buildings called "The Group of a Thousand Columns" this beautiful complex includes the market (Mercado), western and northern colonnades and a steam bath. The columns supported a massive roof which enclosed  immense galleries. Many of the columns are sculptured and a sculptured figure called a Chac-mool occupies the entrance between two, serpent shaped columns.

El Caracol (the observatory) Chichen Itza MexicoEl Caracol, the observatory is one of the finest astronomical observatories of the ancient Maya. Its name is from the Spanish and describes its snail-like spiral staircase winding upward within its interior. Its openings are in line with the northern and southern-most horizons' setting points of the moon. At vernal equinox its western wall window aligns with the setting sun. The orbit of Venus can be noted from its observation points 236 days a year in the morning, and 250 days per year at night.

24 caryatids (stone heads) their tops hollowed out, line the walls, 12 to the south and 12 to the north. Each has a different face. Each can hold a differing level of water. It has been suggested that they may have represented and reflected the 12 planets of our solar system.


 
Chichen Itza - Mexican Caribbean Vacation Rentals Network - Mayan Ruins

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